Alerts

U.S. Presidential Orders and Proclamations Concerning the International Community

Presidential Proclamation (Travel Ban 3.0, released 9/24/2017)

Update - October 17th, 2017

From Professor Shoba Wadhia, Director of the Center for Immigrants' Rights Clinic:

One day before the full extent Travel Ban 3.0 is to go into effect, a Hawaii court has just issued a temporary restraining order (TRO) blocking the most controversial section of the ban, stating in part “EO-3 suffers from precisely the same maladies as its predecessor; it lacks sufficient findings that the entry of more than 150 million nationals from six specified countries would be 'detrimental to the interests of the United States.'” The court also found that the ban discriminates on the basis of nationality and is therefore in violation of 202(a) and the “founding principles of this Nation.”

Los Angeles Times: "Hawaii judge blocks Trump's new travel ban"

Overview

On the evening of Sunday, September 24th, 2017, the Trump Administration released an official Proclamation which revised, clarified, or replaced certain aspects of the previous Executive Order on Immigration from March.

Full Text: “ Proclamation on Enhancing Vetting Capabilities and Processes for Detecting Attempted Entry Into the United States by Terrorists or Other Public-Safety Threats”

Department of State: “Presidential Proclamation on Visas”

What Does This Mean?

Overall, the situation is fluid, and exactly how the administration plans to enforce the new policy is unclear. Further clarification is needed to determine specifics. Additionally, guidance will be forthcoming from DHS and the Department of State on the case-by-case Waiver process, procedures, and requirements. Countries can be removed or added in the future based on their practices on identity management and information sharing with the U.S.

As it is understood now:

  • From now until 12:01am on October 18, 2017 nationals of Iran, Libya, Syria, Yemen and Somalia may still be eligible for the bona fide “close family” exemption.  After this date, the bona fide relationship exception will no longer be applicable.
  • CURRENT Lawful Permanent Residents from ALL countries are not subject to this ban.
  • No valid visa will be revoked.
  • Dual nationals of one of the restricted countries can still travel to the US by using their passport from the non-designed country.
    • F&J visa holders must travel with the passport which matches their SEVIS record and document (I-20/DS-2019).
  • No person currently inside of the US will be impacted UNLESS they depart the US and require a new visa to reenter. 

What Is the Same, and What has Changed

From the White House Fact Sheet:

  • The United States maintained, modified, or eased restrictions on visa issuance and entry to the U.S. for 5 of 6 countries currently designated by Executive Order 13780. Those countries are Iran, Libya, Syria, Yemen, and Somalia.
  • The United States lifted restrictions on 1 of 6 countries currently designated by EO 13780: Sudan.
  • The United States added restrictions and/or additional vetting on 3 additional countries found to not meet baseline requirements, but that were not included in Executive Order 13780. These countries are: Chad, North Korea, and Venezuela.

Country-Specific Information

  • Iran: visa and entry for immigrants and nonimmigrants is suspended, except for those on F, J, and M visa types – who will undergo “extra scrutiny”
  • Yemen, Chad and Libya: Ban on entry for immigrants and B-1 and B-2 visa types
  • Venezuela: Government officials and their family members
  • North Korea and Syria: Entry by immigrants & all nonimmigrants is suspended (incl. students)
  • Somalia: Entry as an immigrant is suspended; nonimmigrants subject to extra scrutiny

Supreme Court Case Suspended

Late Monday evening (9/25), the New York Times reported that the Supreme Court had cancelled its hearing on the previous travel ban pending new briefs by both sides. It had originally scheduled oral arguments on the second Travel Ban for October 10th, 2017. It’s yet unclear if they will decide to hear the case at a later date, or if they will decide to drop it altogether in light of the new proclamation. It is expected that new litigation will be forthcoming, regardless of the Supreme Court’s decision.

Additional Resources and Links

The Executive Orders (released January 27th, 2017 and March 6th, 2017)

June 26 Update

On Monday June 25th the Supreme Court allowed parts of the Executive Orders on Immigration to go into effect.  The Court’s decision allows the temporary ban to go into effect for nationals from Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen who do not have a “bona fide relationship with a person or entity in the United States.  https://www.supremecourt.gov/opinions/16pdf/16-1436_l6hc.pdf

There is likely to be considerable confusion at ports of entry on what constitutes a bona fide relationship.  We would recommend that nationals from these countries not travel abroad in the immediate future while we see how this plays out over the next few weeks.  We will continue to update this page as more information becomes available. Last Updated: June 27, 2017

The Executive Order

For the latest information regarding this Executive Order, please refer to the following:

President of Penn State, Eric J. Barron - Message

Advising Contact Information

Current international students & scholars with questions, should contact the relevant units below:

Walk-in Advising Hours for international students and J-1 scholars:

  • Monday & Tuesday – 1:30 -  4:30 p.m.
  • Thursday & Friday – 8:30 – 11:30 a.m.

How does the recent Executive Order affect study-abroad programs?

  • I am leading an Education Abroad program this semester, what do I need to know or do?  If your Education Abroad (EA) program is set to take place in its entirety prior to April 26, 2017, then some of your students may be affected by the executive order.  In this case, you should review your participant roster and communicate with your students factual information about the executive order.  If all of your participants are US citizens, you have nothing to be concerned about. Your planning for the international program is not affected by the executive order.  On the other hand, if there are international students among your participants, we suggest having a conversation with your students about its effect on program planning. If their citizenship is not in one of the target countries, then they should not be concerned at this time. However, they should ensure that they are in full compliance with all the requirements of their visa. If any of them is on doubt, they should contact a DISSA adviser.
  • What should I do if my students ask me if they should continue with our Education Abroad program?  The information currently available from the federal government is all that we have to work with at this time.  Therefore, we (faculty, staff, and students) need to make decisions about what is best for our own personal situation based on the information  before us.  Each student must make her or his own decision about whether or not participating in the program is right for them.  Refer students to the factual information and resources found elsewhere on this web page.  Remind your international students that all international students, regardless of their country of origin, must follow the regulations pertinent to their visa type for leaving and re-entering the United States.  This is a normal procedure, and if they have any questions, they are encouraged to contact their international student adviser in DISSA.
  • What steps should I take if some students are considering a withdrawal from the EA program due to the executive order?  When speaking with your students, set a date by which you need to hear from anyone concerning a withdrawal from the program.  Consider planning commitments you have in running the program; the notification date should be as soon as they make a decision, the sooner the better.  Students who decide to withdraw should be aware that their decision must be final and they should notify you in writing.  You should retain their written withdrawal for your records.
  • What do I need to do if a student withdraws?  If any student withdraws, then you must recalculate your program budget and determine whether or not you can still financially offer the program.  This may involve contacting the provider, accommodations and other planned components to make adjustments in the numbers as soon as possible.  Education Abroad can assist leaders in thinking through reduced enrollment ramifications.  Contact Kate Manni (kaf29@psu.edu or 814-863-3961).

Please notify the Embedded Programs Team (embeddedprograms@psu.edu) within Education Abroad immediately if there are adjustments to a roster you have already submitted.

On-campus Resources

The following Penn State resources may be helpful to those affected by U.S. Immigration Policy changes.

Contrast of Executive Orders on Immigration

  OLD NEW
TOPIC

EXECUTIVE ORDER  13769

(Signed January 27, 2017) - REVOKED

Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry into the US

EXECUTIVE ORDER 13780

(Signed March 6, 2017)

Protecting the Nation from Foreign Terrorist Entry into the US

Targeted Countries

Suspension of Issuance of Visas and Other Immigration Benefits to Nationals of Iran, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen for 90 days

Suspension of Entry of Nationals of Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, and Yemen for 90 days.

Iraq removed from the list of targeted countries.

Review of Visa and Benefits

Secretary of Homeland Security (in consultation with Secretary of State and the Director of National Intelligence) will submit a report on a review of visa, admission and other benefit adjudications.

Secretary of Homeland Security (in consultation with Secretary of State and the Director of National Intelligence) will submit a report on a review of visa, admission and other benefit adjudications. (same)

Effective Date

Suspension immediate. Effective dates January 27, 2017 - April 26, 2017

Suspension delayed by ten days from signing. Effective dates  March 16, 2017 – June 15, 2017

Authority to Recommend Additional Countries

Countries can be added to the list by the Secretary of Homeland Security.

Countries can be added to the list by the Secretary of Homeland Security. (same)

Scope of Ban

Applies to all nationals of the seven targeted countries

Applies to anyone who fits all three of the following criteria:

(1) outside of the U.S. on 3/16/2017; (2) did not have a valid visa at 5 p.m. on January 27, 2017; (3) does not have a valid visa on March 16, 2017.

Exemptions

Initially no exemptions, followed by exemption of permanent residents

Exemptions:  Lawful Permanent Residents; Valid Visa-holders; those paroled (someone who does meet admissibility, but is granted admission for a temporary period for humanitarian reasons); advanced parole – documentation for someone who has been approved for permanent residency but waiting to adjust; dual national as long as travel is on the non-designated passport; asylee and refugee

Granting Waivers

Waivers:  The Secretaries of State and Homeland Security can waive the suspension on an individual on a case-by-case basis for national interests.

Waivers:  The Consular Officer, Commissioner, and/or CBP may decide on a case-by-case basis to authorize the issuance of a visa or permit entry into the U.S. if the suspension would cause undue hardship.  Reasons may include the foreign  national: (1) had previously been admitted to the US for work, study or other long-term activity, and was outside the U.S. on March 16 and seeks to re-enter to resume that activity and denial would impair that activity; (2) has previously established significant contacts with the U.S. but is outside the U.S. for work, study or other lawful activity; (3) seeks to enter the U.S. for significant business or professional obligations and suspension would impair those obligations; (4) seeks to enter the US to visit or reside with a close family member who is a US citizen, permanent resident or alien lawfully admitted in non-immigrant status and the denial of entry would cause undue hardship; (5) is an infant or child needing urgent medical care; (6) has been employed by the US and has documented faithful and valuable service to the US government; (7) is traveling related on business related to international organization (https://fam.state.gov/fam/09FAM/09FAM040203.html#M402_3_7_N) to conduct business with the US government; (8) is  landed Canadian immigrant who applies for a visa within Canada; or (9) is traveling as a US government-sponsored exchange visitor (it is possible, though unclear, that this could include those on the Fulbright program)

Implementing Uniform Screening Standards

Secretaries of State and Homeland Security, Director of National Intelligence, and FBI Director will develop a uniform baseline for screen and vetting standards and procedures.

Essentially the same as the old, but the Attorney General replaces the FBI Director.

Refugee Program

Syrian refugees barred indefinitely. All others barred 120 days. Number of refugees admitted to the U.S. in 2017 drops from 100,000 to 50,000.

All refugees barred for 120 days (Syrians included).  Number of refugees admitted to the U.S. in 2017 drops from 100,000 to 50,000.

Visa Interview Waiver Program

Suspension of Visa Interview Waiver Program

Suspension of Visa Interview Waiver Program (same)

Biometric Tracking System

Calls for Expedited Completion of Biometric Entry -Exit Tracking System

Calls for Expedited Completion of Biometric Entry -Exit Tracking System (same)

Terror/Crime Reporting

N/A

DHS will collect and make public information regarding nationals of the six countries who have been implicated in: terrorism, radicalization, gender-based violence against women ("honor killings"), "any other information relevant to public safety and security"

 

U.S. Decision to End the DACA (Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals) Program

Global Programs does not generally handle issues related to DACA. However, we often receive questions regarding these students. Below is a list for those seeking resources and information about the most recent DACA decision by President Trump and the Department of Justice.

Summary

The DACA (Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals) program, which provides an avenue for certain undocumented immigrants to remain in the United States, will end as of early March 2018. At that time, enforcement of immigration laws will return to its pre-DACA status and members of the program will be at risk for deportation.

President Trump is urging Congress to find a legislative solution in the six-month window given between the announcement and the determined end date of the program. Bills such as the DREAM Act provide avenues for making DACA legal, but some lawmakers support different approaches. It is unknown at this time exactly what the outcome will be.

Official Announcements

Statements

  • President Eric J. BarronStatement (September 6, 2017)

Organizational Statements

DACA Renewal Fee Scholarship

  • Mission Asset Fund, a lending circle company in San Francisco, CA, is offering scholarships to pay the $495 renewal fee for 2,000 DACA recipients. You can find out how to apply at http://www.lc4daca.org/.

Other Resources

On-campus Resources

The following Penn State resources may be helpful to those affected by U.S. Immigration Policy changes.

U.S.-Turkey Suspension of Nonimmigrant Visa Processing

Update: 11/08/2017

Visa processing has resumed on a 'limited' basis between the U.S. and Turkey. Student visas (F, J, and M) are among the types in which processing has resumed. No further interruptions in processing are foreseen at this time.

For more information, see: "USA and Turkey resume 'limited' visa operations"

Summary

On Sunday, October 8th, 2017, the United States Embassy in Ankara announced it would cease the processing of nonimmigrant visas for Turkish citizens. In turn, Turkey announced that it would cease processing nonimmigrant visas for American citizens at its consulates and embassies.

All of this revolves around the case of a U.S. consulate employee who was arrested by Turkey under suspicion of supporting a failed July 2016 coup attempt.

The suspension of processing means that new and in-progress applications will not be processed. Therefore, applicants will not be able to obtain a visa. Those who already hold a valid visa are, for now, unaffected by the policy.

It is unknown how long this suspension will last.

Update: 10/13/2017

Further clarification has come from Fragomen Worldwide, a major immigration law firm. The following is from their client news alert service (see "links" below):

  • How U.S. citizens can enter.   U.S. citizens still cannot obtain an e-visa or obtain a sticker/border visa if they are arriving on a direct flight the United States. However, officers at Sabiha Gokcen Airport confirmed that U.S. citizens entering Turkey from a port of exit outside the United States may be allowed to purchase a sticker visa at entry.
    • As before, U.S. citizens holding valid sticker visas, e-visas or border visas issued prior to October 9, 2017 can enter Turkey.
  • Consular posts abroad are issuing visas. Turkish consular posts outside the United States are issuing visas to U.S. citizens. Note that some consular posts require applicants to be a lawful resident or dual citizen of the country in which the consular post is located.
  • Effect on work and residence permit holders. The Migration Directorate Residence Permit appointment system has been shut down for several days. Although it is unclear if work permits have been approved since the temporary suspension, some cases are indicated to be in process. It remains unclear whether U.S. citizens' work permit renewal applications are suspended or whether consular posts outside the United States can dispense issued visas.

Statements

U.S. Embassy Statement (8 October 2017)

Turkish Embassy Statement (8 October 2017)

Links

StudyTravel Magazine - "USA and Turkey resume 'limited' visa operations" (8 November 2017)

Fragomen Worldwide - "United States/Turkey: Update on Restrictions for U.S. Citizens" (13 October 2017)

New York Times – “U.S. Suspends Visa Services in Turkey, and Turkey Responds in Kind” (8 October 2017)

Inside Higher Ed – “U.S., Turkey Suspend Visa Processing” (10 October 2017)

International Student & Scholars Scam Alert

It is important that you protect your identity and your wallet!

Do not become a victim of a scams, schemes, or theft. You should never share your passwords, Social Security number, bank account numbers, or credit card numbers when people call you. Know what to look for and how to avoid scams.

If something sounds "too good to be true," then it probably is. If you become a victim, there is little that can be done to have your money returned.

If you suspect that you are a victim of a scam, please report it! There is a chance that nothing can be done to help recover property you have lost, but your report is important to help stop theft from happening to another person. Make reports to: Federal Trade Commisson at 1-877-382-4357 or call U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement: 1-866-375-2423.

Learn more about how to protect yourself at Study in the States and the Federal Trade Commission.

Tips to know if you are contacted by someone asking for money or personal information:

  • Did someone promise you a job if you pay them?

Never pay anyone who promises you a job, a certificate that will get you a job, or secret access to jobs. These are Scams.

  • Did the IRS, Homeland Security, District Attorney's Office, FBI, Immigration, State Police or other "official" agency telephone saying you owe money?

These agencies NEVER call to ask for money. Government agencies do not call to threaten you or ask for money.

  • Are you or have you entered the Diversity Visa Lottery to get a green card?

It is free to apply and the choice is random. No one can increase your chance of winning.

  • Are you looking for legal help with immigration?

Use a lawyer or an accredited representative, never a notary public (notario).

  • Did you get a call or email saying you won something, (except there is a fee)?

Never pay for a prize. That is a scam. You will lose your money.

  • Did a caller offer to help you get back some money you lost?

No government agency or legitimate business will call and demand money to help you get money back.

  • Did you get a check from someone who asked you to give them part of t he money back?

Never give someone money in return for a check. Fake checks can look real and fool the bank. When it is discovered to be fake, you will have to pay back ALL the money.

  • Did you get an email, text, or telephone call asking for your credit card, bank account, or Social Security number?

Never give that information to anyone who asks over email, text or telephone.

  • Did someone call you to tell you they need to fix your computer remotely, but need you to log in?

Don't believe it. Do not give them any personal information or help them log on to your computer.